It is located near the western border of the Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation and north of the Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument in southern Arizona. Arizona is the sixth largest state in the country in terms of area. The majority of its population lives in urban areas, especially since the mid-20th century, when urban and suburban areas began to grow rapidly at the expense of the countryside. When Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821, its territory included the area that is now called Arizona.
The Grand Canyon, considered one of the seven great natural wonders of the world, earned Arizona the nickname “Grand Canyon State”. The Navajo Nation alone contains more than 27,000 square miles in Arizona, New Mexico and Utah. When European settlers arrived in the area now known as Arizona, they came into conflict with the Navajos and other indigenous peoples, who participated in raids to obtain food, livestock and captives. While growing faster than the national average, Arizona's growth rate is declining compared to its previous trajectory toward a growth rate of 1.5%.
Known as the “long hike,” more than 8,500 Diné people were forced to leave their homes in northeastern Arizona and northwestern New Mexico and walk 300 miles for two months to the Redondo Forest Reserve, in eastern New Mexico, near Fort Sumner. Located primarily in Arizona, Grand Canyon National Park became one of the first established national parks in the United States when it was named by Teddy Roosevelt in 1908.Some experts believe that Arizona will become a minority-majority state by 2027, based on current demographic trends. In the early 20th century, Arizona almost entered the United States as part of New Mexico, as Republicans thought that would help them maintain control of the Senate. If this rate is maintained, Arizona will exceed 8 million citizens by 2026 (as projected by the Arizona Office of Economic Opportunity in 2016), becoming the twelfth state to reach this mark.
President James Buchanan bought the rest of the territory of Arizona and New Mexico with the Gadsden purchase in 1854.Today, one in eight Arizona residents and one in six workers are migrants, with large concentrations in agriculture and construction. The expedition of the Spanish priest Fray Marcos de Niza in 1539, which searched for the Seven Golden Cities of Cibola, led the first European explorers to the area now known as Arizona. Arizona has an average population density of 63 people per square mile with approximately 113,594 square miles of area in the state. Since becoming the 48th state to be admitted to the United States in 1912, Arizona has grown rapidly from 200,000 people to nearly 7 million today.
In Four Corners, in the southeast, Utah meets Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona at right angles, the only meeting of such states in the country.